Psychometric Assessments – Children & Adolescents
Orientation to Psychometric Testing Process
Please note that the test battery below is a general guideline and orientation to the test process only. The actual test battery and areas to be assessed will be finalised according to each client’s specific referring concern with the psychologist during the intake interview.
Testing Process (what to expect)?
- Intake interview with the parents only to establish the exact requirements specific to your child
- School readiness evaluation: 4 to 6 hours (approximate guidelines)
- Compilation of report
- Feedback session with parents
What tests can be used to evaluate my child in a school readiness assessment?
1. Intelligence Tests:
- Local: Junior South African Individual Scale (JSAIS) or
- International: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC)
The JSAIS and WISC-IV are useful for evaluating a child’s developmental level in various areas that are generally regarded as of importance for school readiness. When determining a child’s readiness for formal learning, it is helpful to evaluate the child’s stage of development in the following areas:
- Verbal abilities, including receptive and expressive language, verbal reasoning, long term memory for factual knowledge
- Number abilities, including the ability to count with understanding, basic concepts such as the same, more, less, bigger and the ability to apply these concepts in solving simple problems
- Auditory-Perceptual skills, such as short term memory, sequencing, discrimination and comprehension
- Visual-Motor skills, such as form discrimination, sequencing, spatial reasoning, fine visual motor coordination
- Social Maturity, which refers to a knowledge of basic social rules and an ability to communicate with relative ease
- Emotional Maturity, in terms of a readiness to accept and carry out formal tasks, an interest in learning and general maturity.
- Aptitude Test for School Beginners (ASB)
The Aptitude Tests for School Beginners (ASB) have been compiled in order to fulfil a long felt need to find a measurement instrument for the evaluation of certain aptitudes, which, are important in elementary education. The purpose of the tests is to obtain a differentiated picture of certain aptitudes of school beginners. The following areas are evaluated by the ASB:
- Perception – The Perception subtest assesses visual perception, and the ability to distinguish between similarities and difference in pictures. This ability is essential for reading and writing proficiency.
- Spatial – . The Spatial subtest assesses the child’s ability to rotate a given figure mentally in a specific manner.
- Reasoning – The Reasoning subtest assessed concept formation, logical thinking and the ability to classify. Since comprehension and logical thinking are important aspects of the learning process, this subtest should predict success at school.
- Numerical – The Numerical subtest assesses the child’s ability to count and their grasp of quantities, proportions, and numbers.
- Gestalt – The Gestalt subtest involves repeating on a given number of dots, a given pattern drawn on an identical set of dots. This skill is important in reading and writing skills and involves attentiveness, visual perception, and motor proficiency.
- Co-ordination – The Co-ordination subtest assesses fine motor skills which are important in the development of writing skills.
- Memory – The Memory subtest involves non-intentional short-term visual memory. This skill is important in the initial stages of a child’s school career.
- Verbal Comprehension – The Verbal Comprehension subtest measures the child’s ability to comprehend what is read to them (i.e. to understand the meaning of a word in the context of a sentence). Verbal comprehension, logical thinking and concentration also play a part in this subtest.
3. Motor-Perceptual Skills
- Beery-Buktenica Developmental Tests:
Among the Beery subtests, the Visual Motor Integration (VMI) test assesses the child’s retention and extension of learning. The test of Visual Perception (VP) assesses visual acuity whilst the Eye-Motor Coordination (MC) test assesses the child’s ability to control finger and hand movements. Visual-Motor integration skills are essential to the learning process and can influence the mastering of reading, spelling and mathematics.
- Visual-Motor Integration (VMI)
- Visual Perception (VMI-VP)
- Eye-Motor Co-ordination (VMI-MC)
- Projective assessment measures